Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems - Common Failure Modes


Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) have become very popular in recent years. They are an alternative to other means of nicotine delivery to the body such as cigarettes and pipes.


Unfortunately, for cost savings purposes, some ENDS manufacturers are opting to use low quality cells and batteries which have caused multiple incidents of bodily harm and property damage. Sometimes the actual delivery system is designed and manufactured by local shops without even taking the most rudimentary lithium ion safety parameters into consideration.


In recent years, the Federal Government has decided to bring ENDS under the jurisdiction of the FDA. This presentation discuses some of the those failure modes and provides suggestions to remedy some the common failure modes.

  Date and Time




  • HP Inc.
  • 16399 West Bernardo Dr., San Diego, CA 92127
  • san diego, California
  • United States 92127
  • Building: Pacific (Conference Center)
  • Room Number: Pacific (Conference Center)
  • Click here for Map

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Dr. Eddie Forouzan


  • Dr. Eddie Forouzan has over 20 years of experience in research and development, product commercialization, general management, quality, engineering, and consulting. His areas of expertise include development of new, safe and reliable energy systems for consumer applications and high volume production. He is academically trained electrochemist who has completed his postdoctoral training under the direction of Dr. Allen Bard at the University of Texas in Austin.

  • Since 2008, he has headed ARTIN Engineering and Consulting Group, which specializes in testing and certification of consumer products for the purpose of energy system safety. This includes, but is not limited to, the cells, battery packs, adapters and complete host devices. ARTIN Engineering also provides field failure analysis services whereby the root cause of energy system failures in the field are determined.

  • Dr. Forouzan's previous experiences include operations, manufacturing, quality assurance, and engineering management positions at multibillion dollar corporations as well as experience with photovoltaic and photoelectrochemical devices based on lnP, TiO2, CdTe, CdSe, CdS and GaAs. 


Start @ 6:00pm

                - 30 min Social Dinner & Networking

                - 10 min Intro & housekeeping

                - 60-90 min feature presentation/topic

                - 5 min wrap-up