Nanotechnology and Internet of Things (IoT)


Internet of Things (IoT) is a very important technology for digital transformation, as well as for the new industrial revolution (Industry 4.0). Sensors are key components for IoT. New types of sensors (including for biomedical applications) are necessary and nanotechnology is a key tool.

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Ved Ram Singh


Advanced nano-sensors for IoT based systems for U-healthcare

There is a rapid progress in the field of sensors and systems, day by day, giving  good technological development in the industry and biomedical field. However, more sophisticated sensor systems are still required to be developed for fast measurements in an intelligent manner.
Design and development of advanced nano-sensors are discussed here with IOT based systems, mainly for U-health care a reliable manner. Monitoring is made for the health care of old age patients living in remote and hilly areas.
Also, advanced biomedical sensors and IOT based systems are presented for healthcare  applications for tele=health use, .The newly developed diagnostic and therapeutic devices by using RFID chips, nano-scale or sensor-enabled radio technologies and sensor networks would thus be useful for solving the problem of unexplored diseases, as well as for controlling of the quality of medicines, drugs, equipment and physiological event of monitoring systems. WSN (Wireless Sensor Networking) is used here for Ubiquitous applications in the remote environment.
Nano-cancer technology is given here as the case study.



Life Fellow-IEEE, Associate Editor, IEEE-TIM and Regional Editor of Int Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Technology

Prof. (Dr) V. R. Singh, Ph.D. (Electrical Eng), IIT-Delhi and Life Fellow- IEEE and LF-IETE, LF-IEI, LF-ASI/USI and LF-IFUMB/WFUMB, has over 38 years of research-cum-teaching experience in India and abroad (Univ. of Toronto-Canada, KU Leuven- Belgium, Korea Univ, South Korea, TU-Delft, Netherlands, Univ. of Surrey/Southampton, UK, PTB-Germany and others). He has been at National Physical Laboratory (NPL), New Delhi, as a Director-grade-Scientist/ Head of Instrumentation, Sensors & Biomedical Measurements and Standards, as well as Distinguished Professor (AICTE/INAE) jointly with Thapar University.
He has over 350 papers, 250 talks, 260 conf papers, 4 books, 14 patents and 30 consultancies to his credit. Under his guidance, 35 PhD scholars have earned PhD degree while others are working with him. He is the Advisor of PDM University. 

singhDr. Singh has been the Associate Editor of IEEE Int Sensor Journal (2010-2016), and is Associate Editor of IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and  Measurements, Editorial Board Member, Biomedical Engineering Letters (BMEL) and Regional Editor of Int Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Technology (IJBET). Apart from this, he is on Editorial/Reviwer Boards of other journals. like Sensors & Actuators (Switzerland), IEEE Trans on Engg in Med and Biology , J Computers in Electrical Eng. (USA), J.Instn Electr Telecom Engrs,  J.Instn Engrs -India, Ind J Pure & Appl Physics,  J. of Instrm Soc Ind, J. Pure & Appl Ultrasonics, J. Life Science Engg, etc. 
He is the recipient of awards by INSA (Ind Natnl Sci Academy)1974, NPL 1973,  Thapar Trust 1983,  ICMR (Ind Council of Med Res) 1984; Japan Soc.  Ultr in Medicine 1985, Asian Federation of Societies of Ultasound in Medicine  & Biology 1987, IE-I(Institution of Engineers- India) 1988/ 1991, IEEEEMBS 1999 and IEEE-2010/2011/2014, Sir CV Raman Award by Acoustical Society of India / 2018, for his outstanding contributions. Presently, he is IEEE-EMBS-DL (Distinguished Lecturer), IEEENanoTechnology Council-DL  and INSA-YSA-DL.He has been the Best AE of IEEE-TIM, 2020.
He has served as Guest Editor of Special Issues of JASI on Physical Acoustics and Utrasonics (2016-17) and Medical Acoustics (2017-18) as well as on IETE Technical Review journal on Transducers (2002).
Dr Singh is the Chair of IEEE-EMBS/IMS-Delhi Chapter, Immediate past President of Acoustical Society of India and current Vice President of Ultrasonic Society of India and has been the Vice President of Instrumentation Soc of India, Vice-President of IFSUMB, Secretary of IEEE India Council and the Chairman of IEEE-Delhi Section. Dr. Singh is a Member of IEEE Standards Association. He was also Council Member of WFUMB (Australia) Ultrasound Safety and Standards. He has served as the Chair or a Member of BIS Committee on Elctro-Medical Committee in the past and presently, he is the Chairman of BIS-MHD-15 Committee. He has been the session chair, plenary/keynote/ invited speaker and on advisory boards of world congresses and national/international conferences, world over. He has been the Conf Organiser of WESPAC-2018, Nov 10 to 15, New Delhi.
His main areas of interest are: nano-electronic devices, sensors and transducers, biomedical instrumentation, biomedical standards, computer modeling and simulation, biomedical ultrasonics/medical acoustics, POCT devices, neuro-sensors/implants, nano-cancer-technology, cancer hyperthermia, tissue characterisation, lithotripsy, WSN and u-health care engineering.

Mailing Address: Prof (Dr) VR Singh, Flat-35 B, Pocket-B, Siddhartha Extension, New Delhi-110014, India, email :


Address: Flat-35 B, Pocket-B, Siddhartha Extension, , , New-Delhi, New Delhi-110014,

Chenguo Lee of director of Center for Intelligent Sensors and MEMS at National University of Singapore, Singapore


Toward 5G based AI + IoT (AIoT) Society Enabled by NanoEnergy-NanoSystem (NENS) Technology

IoT technology that enables the connecting and controlling of devices through the internet has attracted more and more attention due to its great prospect in diversified applications such as smart home, healthcare, manufacturing industries, etc. Besides, the overall power consumption of the whole system especially for long-term connectivity has become one of the most urgent challenges that obstacles its rapid development towards practical applications. So far, the most widely used power source for IoT is still the conventional battery, which has a limited lifetime and requires periodic charging processes after each usage. To address this issue, energy harvesting techniques that convert other types of energy into electricity have been proposed and developed as an alternative power source for electronic devices. We will firstly report our progress in various energy harvesting technologies. Then we highlight a battery-free short-range self-powered wireless sensor network using TENG textiles for future IoT applications. Healthcare monitoring is one of the major applications in the IoT. In this regard, we have developed a smart sock that is soft and washable to monitor various physiological signals, i.e., gait, contact force, sweat level, etc. More importantly, it is used as an energy harvester for scavenging energy from foot movements as well. On the other hand, implantable devices, considering as advanced and aggressive healthcare technology, also receive grand research effort worldwide to provide functionalities such as physiological signal recording, cellular/neural/muscle stimulation, implantable energy harvesting, etc. We have demonstrated the mechano-neuromodulation of autonomic pelvic nerves for the first time with a triboelectric neurostimulator and a flexible neural clip interface. Lastly glove-based human-machine-interfaces using triboelectric sensors are developed for multi-directional game control, wireless car/drone control, great potential in applications of writing pad, security, virtual/augmented reality (VR/AR), etc. By combining the Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology and wireless IoT technology, sensors providing massive sensory information to the cloud server will enable the next-generation Artificial Intelligence of things (AIoT) for smart home and healthcare applications in the new era of IoT and 5G.


Prof. Chengkuo Lee

Dr. Chengkuo Lee received his Ph.D. degree in precision engineering from The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan, in 1996. Currently, he is the director of Center for Intelligent Sensors and MEMS at National University of Singapore, Singapore. He cofounded Asia Pacific Microsystems, Inc. (APM) in 2001, where he was Vice President of R&D from 2001 to 2005. From 2006 to 2009, he was a Senior Member of the Technical Staff at the Institute of Microelectronics (IME), A-STAR, Singapore. His research interests include MEMS, NEMS and flexible devices for IoT, energy harvesting, metamaterials and biomedical applications. He has trained 25 PhD students graduated from ECE Dept., NUS. He has co-authored 350+ journal articles and 350+ conference papers. He holds 10 US patents. His google scholar citation is 12700+. He is the co-editor-in-chief (co-EiC) of IEEE Trans on Nanotechnology. He is the EiC of Intern. J of Optomechatronics (Taylor & Francis). Besides, he is in the Executive Editor Board of J Micromechanics and Microeng. (IOP, UK). He is the Associate editor of IEEE J Microelectromechanical Systems (JMEMS) and J of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS and MOEMS (JM3; SPIE). He is also the Editor of Scientific Reports, Editor of Journal of Sensors (Hindawi), and Editor of Sensors (MDPI), and Editor of Micromachines (MDPI). He is the IEEE Nanotechnology Council Distinguished Lecturer in 2020. He serves on steering committee and technical program committee for various conferences such as Transducers 2015, IEEE MEMS 2015, IEEE NEMS 2015, IEEE SENSORS 2018, IEEE MEMS 2019, Transducers 2019, IEEE MEMS 2020, IEEE MEMS 2021 and Transducers 2021, etc. He has also chaired many conferences including IEEE NEMS’18, OMN ’16 and ’14, ISMM ’14, and Bio4Apps ’13 etc.
Contact Information: 
Electrical and Computer Engineering
National University of Singapore
4 Engineering Drive 3; Singapore 117576
Google Scholar: &view_op=list_works&sortby=pubdate


Address:4 Engineering Drive 3; Singapore 117576, Electrical and Computer Engineering National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore, Singapore, Singapore 117576


  • Ved Ram Singh (New-Delhi) Advanced nano-sensors for IoT based systems for U-healthcare
  • Chengkuo Lee (Singapore) Toward 5G based AI + IoT (AIoT) Society Enabled by NanoEnergy-NanoSystem (NENS) Technology