Protection and Controls :The Brains of a Substation

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This seminar will explore the main types and principal technical aspects of AC High Voltage Substations. The focus will be on understanding the main components, configurations, arrangements, and the typical steps that engineers have to take during the development of a typical distribution substation project. The seminar will also discuss the pivotal role of Protection and Controls (P&C) subsystems and how it interacts with and protects each piece of major equipment in a substation. A comprehensive review of the basics of Relay Protection will also be featured, and practical examples of real project diagrams and schemes will also be shown. In essence, the seminar will present valuable insights into the fascinating world of high voltage substations engineering and answer the question: Why the P&C subsystems can be considered the brains of any substation?

  Date and Time




  • Date: 27 Feb 2024
  • Time: 05:30 PM to 07:00 PM
  • All times are (UTC-05:00) Eastern Time (US & Canada)
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  • École de technologie supérieure
  • 1219 William St
  • Montreal, Quebec
  • Canada H3C 1R1
  • Building: Pavillon D
  • Room Number: D-3025
  • Click here for Map

  • Contact Event Hosts
  • Starts 25 January 2024 03:12 PM
  • Ends 27 February 2024 09:00 PM
  • All times are (UTC-05:00) Eastern Time (US & Canada)
  • No Admission Charge


Madjer Santos Madjer Santos of HATCH


Protection and Controls, the Brains of a Substation


Madjer Santos, ing., P.Eng. received his B.S. (2009) in Electrical Engineering – Power Systems and Automation from Universidade de Sao Paulo (Brazil) and his M.B.A. (2015) in Business Management from the same university. He currently works as an Electrical Engineer – HV Substations and P&C at the engineering consulting company Hatch and has previously worked with other companies, including Hydro-Québec, Eaton, and Volkswagen.

Madjer is an OIQ, PEO and IEEE member and has over 15 years of experience in designing and implementing electrical systems for various industries such as T&D Utilities, Renewable Energy and Automotive. His most recent projects encompass the detail engineering of Distribution and Transmission HV Substations, Wind and Solar Generation facilities and industrial plants. He has extensive expertise in Power Systems Protection and Controls (P&C), HV Substation Design and Power Systems Studies such as Short Circuit and Protection and Coordination, as well as performing several Protection Relay settings calculations and Protection Relay programming and testing.


Address:Montreal, Canada, H3B 2G2


  • Networking and coffee Time: 5:30 to 6:00 PM
  • Presentation Time: 6:00 to 6:50 PM
  • Q and A time: 6:50 to 7:00 PM